Archive for the ‘Hromada’ Category

For the background on this post, be sure to read Part 1.

So far, I have found three census records (1910, 1920 and 1930) for a Brokenicky family in Dodge County, Nebraska. I believe the wife, Anna, is my great-grandmother’s sister, Anastasia Kovarik, but I’m trying to make the connection that confirms this.

Going with the immigration date of 1904 from the 1910 census, I decided to look for a passenger list. For this, I went to EllisIsland.org. Well, the 1910 census was off by a year, but I found John and Anna with their first two children, in a passenger list for the Kaiser Wilhelm II, which arrived at Ellis Island on November 10, 1903. Františka Kovarik was also traveling with them.

Click to enlarge; see lines 1-6

This is all interesting information, but how can I be sure this is my family?

After looking at the passenger list a little more closely, I noticed that there was also a 15 year old girl named Marie Bičakova traveling with the Brokenicky/Kovarik family. Her occupation is listed as “servant” and there is a note saying she is the niece of Františka. In the column asking for the name of a relative in the United States, Marie’s record shows, “Uncle, Joe Hromada, Chicago, Trumbull Ave, 1399, near 28th St.”

Well, there’s my confirmation! Joe Hromada would be my great-grandfather and the Trumbull Avenue address matches the address I found in a Chicago city directory for him and his wife in 1901. If Marie Bičakova was really Františka’s niece, as the passenger list says, she wouldn’t be Josef’s niece as well; she would be his wife’s cousin. But, that seems like a minor error. Perhaps because of their age difference, he was more of an uncle to her anyway.

Okay, now I’m convinced this is my family.

So, here is my theory based on what I have found:

  • Anastasia came to the US with her sister, Marie in 1893.
  • At some point between 1893 and 1898 (the year of her marriage), she returned to her home country, got married and had two children. Maybe she decided to go back when her father died, or maybe she just missed her mother. There could be several reasons.
  • In 1904, Anastasia came back to the US with her husband, children and mother. This time, the family eventually settled in Nebraska. Maybe John had family there. I know there were a lot of Czechs immigrating to Nebraska at that time, but they certainly would have stayed in Chicago with Josef and Marie unless there was other family out in Nebraska.

I know a lot more now, but I still have questions:

  • What happened to Marie Bičakova? It’s possible that Josef and Marie found her a job, which would explain her occupation on the passenger list. Or, maybe she moved in with them. According to census records, she was not living with the Hromadas or the Brokenickys in 1910. Maybe she got married, or maybe she was working somewhere as a live-in servant. That could be hard to find out.
  • I’d also like to find John and Anastasia’s three children in later years. Maybe they have some descendants who have information about the Kovarik family. I know very little about them.

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I know this post is long, but I’m kind of excited to share this news, so try to bear with me.

I’ve always been interested in learning what came of Anastasia Kovarik, the 17-year-old sister who immigrated to the US with my great-grandmother in 1893. I’ve done Ancestry.com searches on her name and never came up with any more than that 1893 passenger list.

from EllisIsland.org

My aunt recently told me that she remembers my grandfather going to Nebraska to visit his aunt and that her married name was Brokenicky. So, I sat down at my computer the other day to see what I could find out about Anastasia Brokenicky in Nebraska. The first thing I found was a 1910 census record for Dodge County, Nebraska.

Click to enlarge; see lines 39-44

The Brokenicky household included:

John Brokenicky, age 41

Anna S. Brokenicky, age 32

Otyllia Brokenicky, age 11

Frank Brokenicky, age 9

Charles Brokenicky, age 3

Anna could easily be short for Anastasia, and the birth places (Austria-Bohemia) are correct. This looks promising.

Then, I looked a little closer and realized there was one more person living with them: Františka Kovarik, a widow aged 63, listed as the head of household’s mother-in-law. I had never heard of Anastasia’s mother coming to America, and I never knew her name, but having a Kovarik in the same house makes me think I have the right Brokenicky family.

But, there are a couple other pieces of information on this census record that don’t match up to what I thought I knew. The immigration date listed next to John is 1904. There is no date listed for anyone else, which I assume means the 1904 is meant for all of them. I know that Anastasia came to America in 1893.

Also, John and Anna’s first two children were born in Austria-Bohemia. If Anastasia came in 1893, she couldn’t have had children in Bohemia in 1899 and 1901. Right? So, is this the right Brokenicky family or not?

Ancestry.com couldn’t come up with any other records based on my search terms, so I tried FamilySearch.org. This time, I got the 1910 census, but I also got census records for 1920 and 1930. The last name is spelled a little differently in the transcription, but it is clear that all three census records show the same family. Here is the 1920 record:

Click to enlarge; see lines 9-12

The names listed in 1920 are:

John Brokenicky, age 52

Anna Brokenicky, age 44

Frank Brokenicky, age 19

Charles Brokenicky, age 13

Františka is no longer listed with them, so I assume she passed away sometime between 1910 and 1920.

This time, the immigration date given is 1893. I’ll have to do some more research to see if John had been to the US before, as well. This record says that John was naturalized, so I will also have to look for his naturalization records for more information.

Here is the 1930 census:

Click to enlarge; see lines 37-38

The names listed in 1930 are:

John Brokenicky, age 63

Anna S. Brokenicky, age 55

Interestingly, this record says the family operated a chicken farm. Anna is listed as the proprietor and John was a carpenter.

Okay, so I’ve followed John and Anna Brokenicky through three census records, but I still can’t say for sure that this is my Anastasia Kovarik. There’s more to this story, but I’ll save it for tomorrow…

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Countryman Succeeds!

When my grandfather graduated from the Armour Institute of Technology in Chicago, Illinois in 1929, this newspaper article ran in a Chicago Czech-language newspaper. I found the clipping inside his yearbook. With the help of Google Translate, a rough translation follows.

Countryman Succeeds

Among today’s Armour Institute of Technology graduates, a highly talented young compatriot Mr. Joseph C. Hromada, has been awarded the Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering. Mr. Hromada lives at 1320 Clinton Ave. in Berwyn, and in 1924 graduated from J. Sterling Morton High School in Cicero, whereupon he attended Crane Junior College, where he also achieved success in his studies and graduated in 1926. He continued his studies at the famous Armour Institute of Technology, graduating this year and achieving his goal. He is a member of the radio engineers of the Institute and was also elected an honorary member of the Fraternity of Electrical Engineers. In addition to his regular study specialty in the field of radio, Mr. Hromada’s knowledge in this new science is evident from the fact that with great success before exams, the federal civil service commission immediately offered a lucrative position as radio engineer in the U.S. Airways Division. The young engineer received honors that caused all his friends to be very pleased.

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College Days

Inside the cover of my grandfather’s college yearbook, I found three snapshots of him and his college friends. I don’t know who any of these other men are, but they sure look like they’re having fun!

My grandfather, Joseph Charles Hromada, is pictured on the left end of the bottom row.

There must be a story about this one!

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This week I have some pictures of my grandfather’s college yearbook. Joseph Charles Hromada graduated from the Armour Institute of Technology in 1929 with a degree in electrical engineering.

He was a member of the Eta Kappa Nu Honorary Electrical Society. He is the second from the right on the top row of pictures.

He was also a member of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers. He is fourth from the right in the second row from the bottom.

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